Nexus between Sources of Electricity Production and Environmental Degradation in Context of EKC Hypothesis: A Time Series Study for Pakistan

Authors

  • Ihtisham ul Haq Department of Economics, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1961-6000
  • Bakhitbay Embergenov Department of Mathematical methods in Economics, Faculty of Digital economy, Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Piratdin Allayarov Department of Mathematical methods in Economics, Faculty of Digital economy, Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.12495

Abstract

This time series study is carried out to determine effect of sources of electricity production on environmental degradation in Pakistan in context of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis. Moreover, this study also examines effect of rural and urban population on environmental degradation. This study considers carbon emissions from electricity and heat as a proxy for environmental degradation. Unit root tests are applied to determine level of integration of time series variables. Bounds test is applied to examine long run relationship among variables. This study finds that hydro, natural gas and nuclear sources of electricity production have negative significant effect on environmental degradation whereas electricity production from oil sources has positive and significant effect on environmental degradation. Electricity from coal has positive effect on environmental degradation but its effect is not significant. Results of the study confirms EKC hypothesis in Pakistan. Besides, results indicate that rural population and urban population is negatively and positively associated with environmental degradation respectively. This study suggests that energy policy has to be design in such manner that on one hand, it tackles energy crisis, on other hand, it leads to sustainable development in Pakistan.

Keywords:

Energy Policy, sources of electricity, EKC hypothesis, Bounds test, Pakistan

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ihtisham ul Haq, Department of Economics, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan

Assistant Professor Dept. of Economics Kohat University of Science and Technology

Bakhitbay Embergenov, Department of Mathematical methods in Economics, Faculty of Digital economy, Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Independent Researcher, Department of Mathematical methods in Economics, Faculty of Digital economy, Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Piratdin Allayarov, Department of Mathematical methods in Economics, Faculty of Digital economy, Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

DSc, Docent, Department of Mathematical methods in Economics, Faculty of Digital economy, Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-19

How to Cite

Haq, I. ul, Embergenov, B., & Allayarov, P. (2022). Nexus between Sources of Electricity Production and Environmental Degradation in Context of EKC Hypothesis: A Time Series Study for Pakistan. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 12(1), 436–443. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.12495

Issue

Section

Articles