Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, Urbanization, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Kenya


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Authors

  • Jacob Otim Kyambogo University, Uganda,
  • Susan Watundu Makerere University Business School, Uganda,
  • John Mutenyo College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Economic Analysis and Policy, Uganda,
  • Vincent Bagire Department of Management Science, Makerere University Business School, Uganda.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.14292

Keywords:

CO2 emissions; fossil fuel energy consumption; economic growth; Cointegration; Granger causality; Kenya

Abstract

The increase in the level of CO2 emissions has triggered the global temperature to rise above the pre industrial levels. The unprecedented climate change has resulted in flooding and droughts that have displaced millions of people from their homes, plunged them into poverty, famine, and stunted economic growth, especially in countries with shoddy infrastructure. The large-scale use of fossil fuels across the globe, increase in urbanization and economic growth are likely to worsen the environmental quality. However, the proponents of the economic growth hypothesis do not admit that the consumption of fossil fuels and urban expansion, increase the level of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. The current study examines the effects of fossil fuels consumption, economic growth, urbanization and CO2 emissions in Kenya over the period 1971 to 2014. The study follows a formal time series econometric estimation strategy and estimates the long-run model using an autoregressive distributed lag. The study findings show that economic growth and the uptake of fossil fuels increase CO2 emission, while urbanization reduces it.  The study recommends phasing out subsidies for conventional energy supply, promoting energy efficiency and accelerating the development of clean energy technologies.

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Author Biographies

Jacob Otim, Kyambogo University, Uganda,

Lecturer, Department of Econonomics, Kyambogo University.      

Susan Watundu, Makerere University Business School, Uganda,

Dr. Susan Watundu (PhD), Senior Lecturer, Department of Management Science, Makerere University Business School

John Mutenyo, College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Economic Analysis and Policy, Uganda,

Dr.John Mutenyo (PhD), Senior Lecturer, College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Economic Analysis and Policy.  

Vincent Bagire, Department of Management Science, Makerere University Business School, Uganda.

Professor Vincent Bagire (PhD), Department of Management Science, Makerere University Business School.  

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Published

2023-05-17

How to Cite

Otim, J., Watundu, S., Mutenyo, J., & Bagire, V. (2023). Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, Urbanization, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Kenya. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 13(3), 457–468. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.14292

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Section

Articles