Are Trade Openness Drivers Relevant to Carbon Dioxide Emission? A Study of Emerging Economies


Abstract views: 200 / PDF downloads: 127

Authors

  • Shahida Suleman Department of Economics and Finance, Sunway Business School (SBS), Sunway University, 47500 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Mohamed Boukhris College of Business Administration, Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
  • Umar Nawaz Kayani College of Business, Al Ain University, Abu Dhabi, UAE
  • Hassanudin Mohammad Thas Thaker Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Calvin W. H. Cheong Department of Economics and Finance, Sunway Business School (SBS), Sunway University, 47500 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Abduraawf Hadili College of Business Administration, Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
  • Shehnaz Tehseen Department of Management, Sunway Business School (SBS), Sunway University, 47500 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.15665

Keywords:

Trade Openness, Trade Openness Drivers, Cointegration, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Emerging Economies

Abstract

This research is focused on an in-depth analysis of the trade drivers that influence trade openness and their impact on carbon dioxide emissions, with a concentrated examination of emerging economies from 1995 to 2020. This examination is contextualized within the scope of various trade and environmental theoretical frameworks. In our analysis, we employed a range of advanced panel regression methods, including stepwise regression for model selection, as well as Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares (FMOLS), Panel Ordinary Least Squares (Panel OLS), and Fixed Effects Model (FEM). The long-term patterns were evaluated using Johansen co-integration tests. Additionally, the study delves into the causal links between carbon dioxide emissions and the key drivers of trade, employing Granger causality tests for this purpose. Our findings disclose a complex web of relationships, both in the short and long term, between trade openness and carbon dioxide emissions, influenced by several key factors: (i) net inflows of foreign direct investment, (ii) trade reserves, (iii) per capita income, (iv) exchange rates, and (v) gross national savings.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2024-03-15

How to Cite

Suleman, S., Boukhris, M., Kayani, U. N., Thaker, H. M. T., Cheong, C. W. H., Hadili, A., & Tehseen, S. (2024). Are Trade Openness Drivers Relevant to Carbon Dioxide Emission? A Study of Emerging Economies. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 14(2), 183–196. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.15665

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)