Feasible Environmental Kuznets and Institutional Quality in North and Southern African Sub-regions

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Abstract

One of the goals of Africa as a developing continent is to grow and also reduce environmental pollution. Most studies investigate the presence of inverted U-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) using pollutants such as Carbon dioxide (CO2), the use of point pollutants such as Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) is not so popular in literature. Similarly, most studies that assess the role of institutions in the income-pollution nexus do not investigate their capability in achieving feasible turning on the EKC.  Focusing on three pollutants, namely: CO2, nitrogen oxide (N2O) and SPM, this study employs system generalised method of moments (SGMM) to assess the role of institutions in two sub-regions (North and Southern Africa) in attaining EKC turning points. Results, among others, indicate that the both sub-regions did not attain a level of average income capable of turning EKC round for CO2 and N2O but do for SPM. It is also revealed that Southern Africa attained EKC faster than North Africa. It is therefore recommended that for the purpose of achieving the goal of green growth, the institutional quality should be strengthened in the two Africa sub-regions, particularly in Southern Africa.    

Keywords: Economic growth; EKC; Environmental pollution; Institutional quality; Land degradation; North Africa; Southern Africa.

JEL Classifications: O13; O44; Q56

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Author Biography

Evans S. Osabuohien, Covenant University

Dr. Evans Osabuohien started his lecturing and research career in 2004 at Covenant University, Nigeria. He was a research fellow at German Development Institute, Bonn with fellowship from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (October 2013 –December 2014).He held same fellowship at German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Hamburg (January –September 2013). His other international awards: Swedish Institute's Guest Doctoral Fellowship (as guest Ph.D Candidate at Lund University 2009/2010); Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA)'s grant for Ph.D Thesis in 2009; First Prize for FLACSO-WTO Chair Award in 2012. He is presently the coordinator of Postgraduate programme in his Department. He also coordinates the collaboration between Covenant University, Nigeria and German Development Institute, Bonn as well as the cooperation between Covenant University, Nigeria and United Nations Conference on Trade & Development Virtual Institute (UNCTAD Vi), Geneva. He has executed research consultancy services for international organizations such as: UNCTAD Vi; The Centre for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR); African Economic Research Consortium (AERC); Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS); Trade Policy Training Centre in Africa (TRAPCA), among others. He has research interest in Institutional, International and Development Economics where he has published over 55 scholarly articles and presented research findings in international conferences/workshops in five continents of the world. His recently edited book ‘Handbook of Research on In-country Determinants and Implications of Foreign Land Acquisitions' was released December 2014. He serves as reviewer to many international journals including: World Development; African Development Review; Land Use Policy; South African Journal of Economics; Journal of Environmental Policy and planning; Journal of Environmental Planning and Management; The Developing Economies; The Journal of Developing Areas; among others. He is a member of learned societies, namely: Royal Economic Society; Nigerian Economic Society; International Society of New Institutional Economics; African Growth and Development Policy Modelling Consortium (AGRODEP), CODESRIA; AERC; Young African Researchers in Agriculture Network (YARA), United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) Virtual Institute; and Global Trade Analysis Project (GATP), among others.

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Published

2018-01-24

How to Cite

Egbetokun, S., Osabuohien, E. S., & Akinbobola, T. (2018). Feasible Environmental Kuznets and Institutional Quality in North and Southern African Sub-regions. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 8(1), 104–115. Retrieved from https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/view/5948

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