Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Crop Production: Finding A Sustainable Balance
Amidst fears of food insecurity in Africa and climate change challenges to economic growth, the study observes the trend of carbon dioxide emissions and crop production with an objective to contribute to the body of knowledge, the empirical investigation of the nature of relationship existing between them. The fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS) method (with some pre-estimation and post-estimation tests) was adopted given the order of stationarity integration of the variables in the model. The result showed that there exists a positive significant long-run relationship between the two variables. This implies that carbon dioxideemissions and crop production over time associated with crop productivity and further contributes to the achievement of the goal two of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) 2, 3, 7 and 9.
Keywords: carbon dioxide, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, crop production, food security, FMOLS
JEL Classifications: Q2, Q3, Q4