Are Oil Prices Mean Reverting? Evidence from Unit Root Tests with Sharp and Smooth Breaks

Authors

  • Adedoyin Isola Lawal Dept. of Accounting and Finance, Landmark University, Omu Aran, Nigeria
  • Abiola A. Babajide Dept. of Banking and Finance, Covenant University, Ota
  • Tony Ikechukwu Nwanji Dept of Accounting and Finance, Landmark University, Omu Aran
  • Damilola Eluyela Dept of Accounting and Finance, Landmark University, Omu Aran

Abstract

This study examined the validity of efficiency market hypothesis for the oil market by employing a novel Fourier unit root test that accounts for sharp shifts and smooth breaks based on daily data. Our results established the existence of structural shifts and nonlinearity in the oil market indices suggesting that oil market is inefficient when structural breaks is calibrated into the model. Unlike results obtained from existing traditional unit root test, results from sharp shifts and smooth breaks unit root test suggests the rejection of unit root null for each of the oil indices. The study has some practical and policy implications based on our findings.     

Keywords: Oil prices; Market Efficiency; Fourier analysis; Unit root tests; Energy.

JEL Classifications: C22, C50, G10, G12

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.6980

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Published

2018-10-28

How to Cite

Lawal, A. I., Babajide, A. A., Nwanji, T. I., & Eluyela, D. (2018). Are Oil Prices Mean Reverting? Evidence from Unit Root Tests with Sharp and Smooth Breaks. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 8(6), 292–298. Retrieved from https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/view/6980

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