Energy-Growth Causality: Asian Countries Revisited

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  • Evan Lau
  • Xiao-Hui Chye Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
  • Chee-Keong Choong Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (Perak Campus)


Understanding the impact of energy consumption on economic growth is an important consideration in the formulation of both energy and environmental policies. Motivated by this development, this paper empirically re-examines the direction of causality and the sign (in the panel sense) between energy consumption (EC) and the gross-domestic product (GDP) for seventeen selected Asian countries. Results reveal long-run stable equilibriums in these countries, while the EC brings about a positive impact on GDP. Causality runs from EC to GDP in the short-run, while the long-run causal linkage exists from GDP to EC. This indicates that energy is a force for economic growth in the short-run, but in the long-run, the EC is fundamentally driven by economic growth. Efficient coordination and cooperation towards the implementation of energy conservation policies to support sustainable economic development should be in the regional agenda.Keywords: Energy consumption; Panel analysis; Economic growth; Asian countriesJEL Classifications: Q43; C32


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Author Biographies

Evan Lau

Senior Lecturer/Managing Editor of International Journal of Business and Society (IJBS)

Chee-Keong Choong, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (Perak Campus)

Deputy Dean (R&D and Postgraduate Programmes)




How to Cite

Lau, E., Chye, X.-H., & Choong, C.-K. (2011). Energy-Growth Causality: Asian Countries Revisited. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 1(4), 140–149. Retrieved from