Convergence in Per Capita Energy Consumption among African Countries: Evidence from Sequential Panel Selection Method

Authors

  • Emmanuel Anoruo 2500 West North Avenue Baltimore, Maryland 21216
  • William R. DiPietro

Abstract

This paper applies a battery of panel unit root procedures to test for convergence in per capita energy consumption among 22 African countries. Specifically, the study implements both the conventional panel unit root testing procedures and the Sequential Panel Selection Method (SPSM). The results from the standard panel unit root tests provide evidence of convergence in per capita energy consumption for the 22 countries as a group. However, these procedures lack the ability to separate the series in the panel into stationary and nonstationary groups. The results from the SPSM procedure provide support for per capita energy consumption convergence for Angola, Mozambique, Libya, Tanzania, Zambia, Ethiopia, Algeria, Senegal, Congo Republic, South Africa, Benin, Cameron, and Nigeria. For Tunisia, Cote d’Ivoire, Sudan, Gabon, Zimbabwe, Morocco and Togo, the results from the SPSM procedures suggest that their per capita energy consumption series have not converged with the other panel members.

Keywords: Per capita energy consumption; SPSM; convergence; panel KSS unit root test

JEL Classifications: C22; C23; Q41

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Author Biography

Emmanuel Anoruo, 2500 West North Avenue Baltimore, Maryland 21216

Emmanuel Anoruo is a Professor of Economics and Finance and the Director of the Consumer Education Center. He holds a Ph.D. in economics and an MBA degree in finance. He also holds a diploma in Bank Management Skills and Theory from the American Institute of Banking. Dr. Anoruo teaches economics, finance, and investment courses. His areas of interest include stock market linkages, income inequality, economic growth, monetary and fiscal policies. He has published extensively in the areas of economics and finance. He serves as an associate editor and a reviewer to a number of scholarly journals.

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Published

2014-08-19

How to Cite

Anoruo, E., & DiPietro, W. R. (2014). Convergence in Per Capita Energy Consumption among African Countries: Evidence from Sequential Panel Selection Method. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 4(4), 568–577. Retrieved from https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/view/873

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