Oil-Growth Nexus in Oil Producing Countries: Macro Panel Evidence
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AbstractThe oil consumption-economic growth nexus is examined in a panel of oil producing countries over a long time span (1965-2012). Both, the ratio of oil production to primary energy consumption, i.e. oil self-sufficiency, and the persistence of the second structural oil shock were controlled for. The phenomenon of cross-sectional dependence that is present in the panel confirms that these countries share common spatial patterns, unobserved common factors, or both. The cointegration/long memory relationships as well as the panel data estimators’ appropriateness are analysed and discussed. A dynamic Driscoll-Kraay estimator, with fixed effects, was shown to be adequate to cope with the phenomena of heteroskedasticity, contemporaneous correlation, first order autocorrelation and cross-sectional dependence present in the panel. The results are consistent with the growth hypothesis, i.e. that oil consumption proves be a driver of economic growth. The second structural oil break (1979), reveals the long-lasting positive effect exerted by oil consumption on growth. The ratio of oil production to primary energy consumption has exerted a positive impact on growth. Thus, policymakers should take into account the benefits of promoting oil self-sufficiency, by reinforcing the use of endogenous resources. Keywords: Oil production; macro panels; oil-growth nexus; oil self-sufficiency JEL Classifications: C33; O50; Q43
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Fuinhas, J. A., Marques, A. C., & Couto, A. P. (2014). Oil-Growth Nexus in Oil Producing Countries: Macro Panel Evidence. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 5(1), 148–163. Retrieved from https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/view/990