The Impact of Dollarization Policy on Zimbabwe Exports: A Gravity Model Approach

Authors

  • Lilian Tomu Department of MBA Hospital and Health Care Management Symbiosis Institute of Health Science Symbiosis International University, Pune, India.
  • Knowledge Mutodi Department of Agricultural Business Development & Economics Faculty of Agriculture Environment and Food Systems University of Zimbabwe
  • Tinashe Chuchu University of the Witwatersrand
  • Eugine Tafadzwa Maziriri University of the Free State

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of dollarization policy on Zimbabwe exports over a period of 20 years. The study used panel data for 50 Zimbabwe potential historical trading partners. Random Effects Model (REM) was applied to estimate the gravity model equation. Panel Feasible Generalized Least Squares (FGLS) regression technique corrected for heteroskedasticity and contemporaneous correlation across panels was applied to probe factors that drive Zimbabwe export flows. The results provide insights on the impact of dollarization policy, GDP, bilateral exchange rate, SADC membership status and population on Zimbabwe exports. If monetary authorities involuntarily re-dollarize the economy owing to monetary autonomy erosion, emphasis should be directed towards internal devaluation which could be attained by measures intended to exert downward pressure on domestic costs, wages and prices to recuperate export competitiveness. Further, government has to create an environment that encourage foreign direct investment inflows to ease liquidity challenges probable to be experienced under dollarization regime. Nevertheless, macroeconomic fundamentals ought to be addressed with action to spur economic growth. Sufficient resources should be channelled towards increasing the country's productive capacity, and this can enhance country‘s ability to supply export products to the international market, and curb import growth.

Keywords: Dollarization policy, gravity model, Zimbabwe

JEL Classifications: F60, F63, 63

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32479/ijefi.11315

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Author Biographies

Lilian Tomu, Department of MBA Hospital and Health Care Management Symbiosis Institute of Health Science Symbiosis International University, Pune, India.

Lilian Tomu is affiliated with the Department of MBA Hospital and Health Care Management Symbiosis Institute of Health Science Symbiosis International University, Pune, India.

Knowledge Mutodi, Department of Agricultural Business Development & Economics Faculty of Agriculture Environment and Food Systems University of Zimbabwe

Knowledge Mutodi is a Researcher at the Department of Agricultural Business Development & Economics Faculty of Agriculture Environment and Food Systems

Tinashe Chuchu, University of the Witwatersrand

Dr Tinashe Chuchu is a Senior Lecturer in the Marketing Division, the School of Business Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand.

Eugine Tafadzwa Maziriri, University of the Free State

Dr Eugine Tafadzwa Maziriri is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Business Management, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of the Free State

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Published

2021-05-14

How to Cite

Tomu, L., Mutodi, K., Chuchu, T., & Maziriri, E. T. (2021). The Impact of Dollarization Policy on Zimbabwe Exports: A Gravity Model Approach. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 11(3), 55–63. Retrieved from https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/view/11315

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