Human Capital, Institutions and Innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Stephen Oluwatobi
  • Oluyomi Ola-David
  • Isaiah Olurinola
  • Philip Alege
  • Adeyemi Ogundipe Department of Economics, Covenant University


This study examined the impact of human capital and institutions on innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa and clearly highlighted the relevance of the human factor in determining innovation outcomes in the Sub-Saharan African region. Using the System Generalized Method of Moments, coupled with some descriptive analyses, it was found out that human capital, as well as an enabling institutional environment, affects innovation outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). On the contrary, innovation outcomes in the region did not benefit from foreign investment. The study, therefore, recommends that human capital capacity be cultivated and given the enabling environment to contribute to innovation outcomes. This is expected to attract innovation-centred investments into the region.Keywords: Human Capital; Institutions; Innovation; Sub-Saharan AfricaJEL Classifications: I25; O15; O31; O32; O43; O55


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Author Biography

Adeyemi Ogundipe, Department of Economics, Covenant University

Department of Economics




How to Cite

Oluwatobi, S., Ola-David, O., Olurinola, I., Alege, P., & Ogundipe, A. (2016). Human Capital, Institutions and Innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6(4), 1507–1514. Retrieved from