Government Ownership and Firm Performance: the Case of Vietnam

Ngo My Tran, Walter Nonneman, Ann Jorissen


This study extends some predictions from a game theoretical model which evaluates the net effect of government ownership on firm performance and empirically tests these predictions using a panel data of Vietnamese firms in the period 2004-2012. The empirical results estimated from static and dynamic models confirm our propositions of a negative effect of state ownership on firm profitability and labor productivity. Furthermore, this study documents a moderating role of firm size in the relationship between state shareholding and the performance of firms with higher state ownership in larger firms enhancing profitability and labor productivity.

Keywords: government ownership; firm performance; dynamic model and interaction effect

JEL Classifications: H11; P27

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